כל המידע אודות העיר ירושלים - בירת ישראל
The Western Wall
( Ha-Kotel Ha-Ma'aravi ) is part of a big renovation project initiated by King Herod.
In the year 37 BCE, Herod was appointed king in Jerusalem and he soon initiated a huge
renovation project for the Temple He hired many workers who
toiled to make the Temple more magnificent and to widen the area of the Temple Mount by flattening
the mountain peak and building four support walls around it.
The Western Wall is the western support wall built during this widening of the Temple Mount Plaza.
The Second Temple was destroyed in the year 70 CE. Despite the destruction that took place, all four Temple Mount support
walls remained standing. Throughout the generations since the Temple's destruction, the Western Wall was the remnant closest
to the site of the Temple's Holy of Holies that was accessible to Jews. Therefore, it became a place of prayer and yearning for
Jews around the world. When Jews expressed their longing for Jerusalem through song, Judaica, jewelry, and prayer, the image
of Jerusalem was conveyed via the image of the Western Wall.
The Old City of Jerusalem, and the Western Wall within it, was not in Jewish hands from the War of Independence in 1948
until the Six Day War in 1967.
The Western Wall Tunnels
- In the nineteenth century, the most distinguished Jerusalem
scholars were already trying to determine the precise measurements of the Western Wall and
describe the methods used in its construction However, their information
was incomplete, mainly because they were unable to discover the wall's entire length.
Nevertheless, British researchers Charles Wilson, in 1864 and Charles Warren, in 1867-1870, uncovered the northern
extension of the Western Wall Prayer Plaza.
The shafts that Charles Warren dug through Wilson's Arch can still be seen today.
Immediately after the Six Day War, the Ministry of Religious Affairs began the project of exposing the entire
length of the Western Wall.
It was a difficult operation, which involved digging beneath residential neighborhoods that had been constructed
on ancient structures from the Second Temple period and were built up against the Western Wall.
Some residents used underground spaces as water holes or for sewage collection.
The excavations required close supervision by experts in the fields of structural engineering,
securing subterranean tunnels, archeology, and of course, Jewish Law.
The Davidson Center
- The newly constructed Ethan and Marla Davidson Exhibition and Virtual Reconstruction Center is situated at the entrance to the Jerusalem Archaeological
Park, one of the largest, most significant archaeological sites in the
country. It is some 100 meters south of the Temple Mount complex, in the recently excavated and
restored underground storage complex belonging to a seventh century CE Umayyad Palace.
The new center offers the visitor an in-depth archaeological and historical
introduction to the Jerusalem Archaeological Park by means of an exhibition of archaeological objects,
augmented by visual, textual and audio information. One of the highlights of this modern facility
is a real-time virtual reality reconstruction of the Herodian Temple Mount as it stood prior to
its destruction by Roman troops in the year 70 CE. Real-time technology allows users to interact
with the computer environment, enjoying freedom of movement as in the physical world.
The Jewish Quarter
of the Old City of Jerusalem incorporates many holy and historical sites, and is an outstanding starting point for any tour of Jerusalem, from family tours through to
guided study tours. In the Jewish Quarter, between the alleyways of the Old City, you will find sites that are both well known and new, restaurants, and other surprises that will turn your
outing into something special. The Western Wall, the City of David, the Temple Institute, the Herodian Quarter, the Courtyard
of the Old Yishuv, The Hurva Synagogue and other interesting sites are all easily accessible in the Jewish Quarter, and will make you tour of
Jerusalem colorful and easy to plan. "Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee" (Psalms 122).
( The Tower of David ) is an ancient citadel located near the Jaffa Gate entrance to the Old City of Jerusalem. The citadel was built to strengthen a strategically weak
point in the Old City's defenses, the citadel that stands today was
constructed during the 2nd century BCE and subsequently destroyed and rebuilt by, in succession, the Christian,
Muslim, Mamluk, and Ottoman conquerors of Jerusalem. It contains important archaeological finds dating back 2,700 years,
and is a popular venue for benefit events, craft shows, concerts, and sound-and-light performances.
The name "Tower of David" is due to Byzantine Christians who believed the site to be the palace of King David.
City of David
- The story of the City of David began over 3,000 years ago, when King David left the city of Hebron for a small hilltop city known as Jerusalem,
establishing it as the unified
capital of the tribes of Israel. Years later, David's son, King Solomon, built the First Temple next to the City of David on top of Mount Moriah, the site of the binding of Isaac, and with it,
this hilltop became one of the most important sites in the world.
Today, the story of the City of David continues. Deep underground, the City of David is revealing some of the most exciting archeological finds of the ancient world.
While above ground, the city is a vibrant center of activity with a visitor's center that welcomes visitors for an exciting tour to the site where much of the Bible was written.
The Dome of the Rock
is the oldest Islamic monument that stands today and certainly one of the most beautiful. It also boasts the oldest surviving mihrab
(niche indicating the direction
of Mecca) in the world. The sacred rock over which the Dome of the Rock is built was considered holy before the arrival of Islam. Jews believed,
and still believe, the rock to be the very place where Abraham prepared to sacrifice Isaac (an event which Muslims place
in Mecca). In addition, the Dome of the Rock (or the adjacent Dome of the Chain) is believed by many to stand directly
over the site of the Holy of Holies of both Solomon's Temple and Herod's Temple.
The Dome of the Rock was built by the Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik from 688 to 691 AD.
It was not intended to be a mosque, but a shrine for pilgrims. According to tradition,
the Dome of the Rock was built to commemorate Muhammad's ascension into heaven after
his night journey to Jerusalem (Qur'an 17). But there seems to have been more to it than this,
since the Dome of the Ascension was later built nearby.
The Christian quarter
was built around the Church of the Holy Sepulchre which is the heart of the quarter. Around the church there are other churches and monasteries.
In general the
quarter contains few houses, which are mostly concentrated in the southern-eastern part of the quarter near Jericho Gate.
It contains mostly religious tourists and educational buildings, such as the Lutheran school and St. Pierre school.
Christian buildings stand on much of the quarter. Besides the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which occupies most of the land, the Patriarchate
of the Greek Orthodox, the Franciscan monastery, San Salvatore and the Latin Patriarchate take up large areas as well.
The quarter also contains souvenir shops, coffee houses, restaurants and hotels. The shops are mostly concentrated in the market street,
David Street, and along the Christian Road. Some of the hotels (such as the Casa Nova hotel and the Greek Catholic hotel) were built by the
churches as places for visitors to stay. Others are private hotels.
The quarter also contains some small museums (such as the museum of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate). In the southwest part of the
quarter there is a pool called Hezkiyahu's Pool that was used to store rain water for the area.
Church of the Holy Sepulcher
Originally built by the mother of Emperor Constantine in 330 A.D., the Church of the Holy Sepulcher commemorates the hill
of crucifixion and the tomb
of Christ's burial. On grounds of tradition alone, this church is the best candidate for the location of these events. The Garden Tomb was not identified as such until the 19th century.
The original Byzantine church was destroyed by the Persians in 614 A.D. Rebuilt shortly thereafter, the Egyptian caliph al-Hakim destroyed the church in 1009 and had the tomb hacked down to bedrock.
The Crusaders rebuilt the church and much of what is standing today is from that time period. The ladder in the upper right window has been there since at least 1860,
a testimony to rivalries between the church's factions.
Inside the church is a rocky outcropping which is the traditional place where the cross was placed. Archaeological excavations have demonstrated that this site was outside the city but
close to one of its gates and thus would have been a good location for a crucifixion.
Today this chapel is controlled by the Greek Orthodox Church.
- The Via Dolorosa(Latin for Way of Grief or Way of Suffering) is a street, in two parts, within the Old City of Jerusalem, held to be Jesus' final path,
which according to Christian
tradition led from the courthouse to Golgotha Hill, where he was crucified and buried. The current route has been established since the 18th century, replacing various earlier versions.
It is today marked by nine Stations of the Cross; there have been fourteen stations since the late 15th century, with the remaining five stations being inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. The route starts in the Muslim Quarter, at Lions' Gate, and passes the 14 stations of the cross, ending at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.
Many Christian pilgrims come to Jerusalem every year to follow Jesus' footsteps along the route.
Mount Zion and Dormition Abbey
- Southwest of the Old City is Mt. Zion, where the Dormition Abbey was built on the site Christian tradition believes Mary
spent her last
night. The abbey was built about 100 years ago and in the basement there is a statue of the sleeping Mary.
Beside the abbey is the Room of the Last Supper, where Jesus ate his last meal. This complex was constructed by Kaiser Wilhelm II beginning in 1900.
The church was built in response to a request to have a German Catholic church in the city following the
Kaiser's support for the construction of the Lutheran Church of the Redeemer in 1898.
The modern Mt. Zion is a misnomer applied by Byzantine pilgrims who thought that the larger, flatter Western Hill must be the original City of David. Archaeological evidence has shown that this hill was only incorporated within the city's fortifications in the 8th century B.C. but the name has stuck. The Hinnom Valley borders this hill on its western and southern sides.
Mount of Olives
is the hill on the eastern side of Kidron Valley which facing the Old City of Jerusalem. Its name came from the olive
trees that once grew on its hillside from ancient
times. According to Jewish tradition, the Messiah will appear here and bring the dead back to life.
Therefore, the hillside became the most holiest cemetery, and the hillside is covered by thousands of grave stones.
In Mount of Olives there are also many other important Christian sites, and several churches:
Mishkenot Sha'ananim, as the first houses were known, consisted of two rows of buildings. The first was completed by 1860 and contained 28 apartments of one-and-a-half rooms. The compound also had a water cistern with an iron pump imported from England, a mikveh and a communal oven. The second row of houses was built in 1866 when a cholera epidemic was at its height in the Old City. Some of the people who took up residence in the new neighborhood refused to stay there at night, but that year, the demand for apartments rose as illness spread.
The German Colony
(Ha-Moshava Ha-Germanit) is a neighborhood in Jerusalem, established in the second half of the 19th
century by members of the German Temple Society. Today
the Moshava, as it is popularly known, is an upscale neighborhood bisected by Emek Refaim Street,
an avenue lined with trendy shops, restaurants and cafes.
The Arab residents of Katamon fled in 1948, in the wake of fierce battles for control of the area during the Israeli War of Independence. The abandoned homes in the German Colony and other parts of Katamon were used to house new immigrants. Since the end of the 20th century, the neighborhood has undergone a process of gentrification. Efforts are being made to restore old landmark buildings and incorporate some of their architectural features, such as arched windows and tiled roofs, in new construction. Numerous cafes, bars, restaurants, and boutiques have opened in the neighborhood, and many affluent families have moved there, pushing up the price of real estate. The German Colony has a large English-speaking population, with the English speaking community comprising both families and singles, permanent immigrants and visitors. The neighborhood is home to the Smadar Theater, Jerusalem's arthouse cinema and a perennial gathering place for the artisterati.
Ben Yehuda Street
is a major street in downtown Jerusalem, known as the "Midrachov". It is now a pedestrian mall and closed to vehicular traffic.
The street is lined with souvenir and
Judaica shops and sidewalk cafes, and street musicians play there throughout the day.
Your stroll down the Ben-Yehuda pedestrian mall is a good chance to meet Israelis from all walks of life,
especially on Saturday night as stores and cafes re-open after the Sabbath ends and it becomes especially popular with the teenage and young adult crowd.
Ben Yehuda Street is named after the founder of Modern Hebrew, Eliezer Ben-Yehuda.
is a neighborhood in central Jerusalem, Israel.
Nahalat Shiv'a was the third neighborhood built outside the Old City of Jerusalem in the 1860s. Today it is a crowded pedestrian promenade lined with sidewalk cafes. Shiv'a was the second residential neighborhood built outside the city walls.
It was founded in 1869 as a cooperative effort by seven Jerusalem families who pooled their funds to purchase the land and build homes.
Lots were cast and Yosef Rivlin won the right to build the first house in the neighborhood. In 1873, milk cows were imported from Amsterdam and a
dairy was opened in Nahalat Shiv'a. A carriage service to Jaffa Gate was inaugurated that summer.
Jerusalem Railway Station (Mitcham HaRakevet)
The station is closed for many years, but nowadays the railway yard contains many bars and restaurants and is used for many annual events such as Hebrew Book Week. In May 2013, it reopened as a culture and entertainment center.
Museum lovers will be delighted to discover that Jerusalem is dotted with dozens of museums full of rich exhibits from all aspects, from art, history, culture, nature and science, with zionist, pacifist or religious background.
The city of Jerusalem may be home to a larger-than-expected number of theaters and theatrical groups which host plays, shows and concerts of local and international acters from all over the world.
Jerusalem Time Elevator
Address: 37 Hilel Street, Agron House
An essential part of any Jerusalem tour, the Jerusalem Time Elevator carries its passengers on an unforgettable journey through the 3000-odd eventful ... Read more
Address: Liberty Bell Park, Yemin Moshe/Talbieh
Jerusalem's theater scene is thriving, with dozens of plays running the gamut from traditional classics to the furthest-out in fringe showing at any...Read more
Address: Marcus St. 20, Yemin Moshe/Talbieh
The city of Jerusalem may be home to a larger-than-expected number of theaters and theatrical groups, but the undeniable crown of the capital's ...Read move
Alpert Music Center
Address: Old Train Station/Abu Tor
While Fame may be an American phenomenon, a penchant for music is still well rewarded in Jerusalem. Administered by the Jerusalem Municipality, ...Read more
Gerard Bechar Center
Address: Bezalel St. 11, Machane Yehuda/Nachlaot
The Gerard Bechar Center occupies a significant chunk of Bezalel Street real estate bordering the Nachlaot and Rechavia neighborhoods. The ...Read more
Address: 28 Hebron Rd.
Israel has a long and distinguished history of theater, both traditional and alternative, with its roots going back to the establishment of the fi...Read move
The Christian Spirit show
Address: 37 Hilel Street, Agron House
Website for tickets:
Address: Remez St. 2, Old Train Station/Abu Tor
The Jerusalem Khan, a Jerusalem Stone, Ottoman-era caravansary where pilgrims and traders would stop if they failed to reach the walls of the Old ...Read more
Zappa - Jerusalem
Phone: 03-7626666 / 9080*
Address: Derekh Khevron 28, Jerusalem
Zappa Club Jerusalem is Jerusalem lively music club which was established in a comprehensive program to improve cultural and recreational welfare of city residents and visitors, The place has about 350 seats at tables and 600 places to show compliance...Read more
Address: Shatner St. 3, Givat Shaul
Founded by three young theater school grads in the late '90s, Psik is a Jerusalem theater company and venue with a social conscience. Alongside its fu...Read more
For those who enjoy to spend a quality time with a good movie in the cinema, The city of Jerusalem offers several movie theaters which present new actual movies and also foreign movies.
The Jerusalem Marathon
- Jerusalem is one of few cities in the world that has a marathon course with such breathtaking and inspirational views for runners to enjoy.
There were approximately 10,000 runners in attendance (full marathon, half marathon, and 10K), including 1000 runners from 43 different countries
(230 of them from the US). The selected running tracks narrate the story of Jerusalem in the course of 3000 years of this city's history.
The Adloyada is a Purim carnival which includes a costume parade and takes place in many cities in Israel and even in some cities in the world.
In Jerusalem the carnival is usually taking place in Jaffa and Ben Yehuda streets and it inclueds costume parade, and street concerts.
The name Adloyada comes from the expression "Ad Lo Yada", meaning "until he couldn't tell".
According to this, every Jew should drink wine until he can't tell the difference between the good man and the evil.
The Jerusalem Day is an Israeli national holiday marking the liberation of the city and its reunification after the Six Day war.
The day is marked by state ceremonies, memorial services for soldiers who died in the battle for Jerusalem, parades through downtown Jerusalem,
special prayers in synagogues, lectures on Jerusalem-related topics, singing and dancing and many other activities.
The day is held in the Hebrew Calendar on 28th of Iyar which is usually between mid-May to the end of the month.
Student Day of The Hebrew University
Student day in Israel is held usually close to the end of May. In Jerusalem this day comes usually on the same date of
Jerusalem Day and provides a day of many various activities for students, from free tours, open markets, free entrance to many places and museums and many concerts.
Above all these there is the main concert which includes performances of many famous Israeli and world artists. The concert starts in the evening and last all night long with a
dance party until the next morning.
The Israel Festival
The Festival takes place annually for a few weeks in the spring. Throughout the festival, audiences are able to enjoy performances by artists from all over the world, as well as premieres of Israeli works and tributes to leading Israeli artists. The public can also attend a large selection of free performances, including street theatre, children's shows and a nightly jazz club.
The Jerusalem Festival of Light
The annual Festival of Light Jerusalem colors the old city for eight days with artistic lights. In the evening, the old city’s alleys are turned into an open museum that exhibits unique light statues. The artistic illumination turns the buildings to marvelous monuments. Israelis artists and guest artists participate in this festival. Various kinds of culture shows, guided tours, etc… take place.
Cherry Festival - Gush Etzion
In addition to cherry picking, where you are allowed to eat as much as you like, there will be a farmers market, craft booths, bouncy castles, performances, and more.
You can also purchase baskets for filling and taking home with you.
Beer Festival The Jerusalem Beer Festival at the historic train station.
The Jerusalem Beer Festival is considered one of the largest, impressive and leading beer events in the country and the most attractive gathering of young adult audience in the Holy City. Over 50,000 liters of more than a hundred brands from all over the world will be offered, mainstream, boutique and local brewed.
During the two-day festival, the historic train station will become a huge bar with impressive structures and luxurious attractions.
Adam (Genesis). There is a special reverent atmosphere around the country as people wear white and go to synagogues.
The Jerusalem March
- Every year at the annual Sukkot parade, thousands of tourists and Israelis stroll down Jerusalem's streets smiling and waving flags from around the world.
The annual Sukkot parade is organized by the Jerusalem municipality and other official bodies. In addition, the committee barred participation in various events planned by the International
Christian Embassy at the Jerusalem International Convention Center in celebration of the holiday.